Hans hartung, born on the 21st and died on the 7th. One of the greatest representatives of abstract art. And the father of tachism. In 1924 and 1925 hartung pursued studies in classical letters, philosophy and art history in Leipzig.He attends a kandinsky conference. Joined in 1925 and 1926 at the dresde Academy of Fine Arts where, on the occasion of the international exhibition, he discovered the path of French painting of Impressionism. During the summer, he travels in Italy by bicycle then arrives in Paris, where he lives until 1931; he makes two trips to the barcarès. And travel to belgium and holland. Young Norwegian painter he married in September 1929.
In 1931, after a stay on the Riviera during the winter, he exhibited for the first time, in Dresden, and with Anna-Eva Bergman the following year, to Oslo. Working for a while in an island in southern Norway. His maternal grandfather and his father, amateur musician and self-taught painter, are doctors.
His vocation is early: he tells that from the age of 6 years. "On one of my school notebooks, I caught lightning as soon as they appeared.I had to finish tracing their zig-zags on the page before the thunder broke out. Thus, I conjured the lightning. From 1912 to 1914 his family moved to Basel. Astronomy he builds his own telescope through which he observes. Whose abstract appearance anticipates his future works and photography amazes him. He attended then until 1924 the school of dresde. Copying freely some works, it simplifies the composition to retain only the colored masses. After the death of his father and facing the rise of Nazism. Hartung leaves Germany for the Balearic Islands. Confident in the passage to Paris some canvases at Jeanne Bucher Gallery; he built a small house on the north coast of Menorca. Without money, he returned to Paris in 1934, went through Stockholm and returned to Germany, Berlin. Not accepting the Nazi regime, he manages to move to France and settles permanently in Paris. He joins with John Helion. Between 1934 and 1938, he painted the series of his "ink stains".
Unable to afford anything to draw, he moved to the terrace cafes and ordered cream cafes, which allows him to also ask the servers for ink and paper. His first works consist of swirls of black ink drawn with closed eyes, intended to appease his anguish.
Faced with great material difficulties, the illness of his wife, their divorce, the withdrawal of his passport by the German Embassy, hartung enjoys the hospitality of goetz and works in the studio of the sculptor julio gonzález. In 1939, he joined the list of volunteers against Hitlerism in case of war and married roberta gonzález, the sculptor's daughter. Mobilized in December, he is assigned to the foreign legion. And sent to Indochina then to North Africa. Demobilized, he takes refuge with the González family in the lot.
After the death of julio gonzález in 1942 and the occupation of the whole of France, hartung passed in 1943 in Spain. Incarcerated, then placed in a concentration camp for seven months, he rejoins North Africa and joins the legion again. Seriously injured during the belfort attack. In November 1944, he was amputated from the right leg to dijon.
Military medal and legion of honor. In the following years, hartung participated in several exhibitions (first solo show in Paris in 1947 at the gallery lydia conti which reveals it to the public) and is noted by critics.
Realizes on him a film which is presented in 1948 in germany and in 1950 in paris. From 1949, he directed several solo or group exhibitions and met schneider. He is then recognized as one of the leaders of the informal art. And one of the precursors of action painting.A retrospective of his work was presented in 1952 at the musée de basle. Where he finds anna-eva bergman. In 1953, hans hartung settles again with anna-eva bergman, returned from norway, and divorce from roberta gonzalez.
He begins to exhibit at the gallery of France. And is elected in 1956 member of the Berlin Academy of Arts. In 1957, hartung remarried with Anna-Eva Bergman.
Multiplying the exhibitions of his paintings, engravings. He received in 1960 the international painting prize of the Biennale of Venice.
From 1961, the scratching process is at the origin of a renewal of his painting. He also invented many wide tools brushes, spray guns and airbrushes, brooms, sulphates, hoses, typograph rolls ...
In 1964, hartung made a boat trip with anna-eva bergman along the coast of the far north of Norway and brought back thousands of photographs. On the occasion of the publication of the catalog of his engravings, these are in their entirety exposed in brunswick. Large retrospectives of his work are presented at the Museum of Turin. In 1966, at the National Museum of Modern Art. From Paris in 1968, then to Houston.
In 1969, while his recent paintings are on display in New York. Hans hartung receives the honorary prize of the biennale of engraving of ljubljana. In 1967, the grand prix of the arts of the city of Paris in 1970. For its seventieth anniversary, the museum of cologne. He dedicates in 1974 a new retrospective and the review Cimaise a special issue.
In 1968, Hartung built near Antibes. A house whose plans he designs and where he stays permanently from 1972. Other retrospectives are devoted to him in 1975 in Berlin. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York exhibiting thirty of his monumental works.
The skira editions publish an unknown world seen by hans hartung, with reproductions of his photographs and texts of late jeans. Hartung was elected in 1977 at the Academy of Fine Arts of the Institut de France. Organizes a traveling exhibition of his etchings and lithographs.
A postage stamp reproducing one of his paintings was issued in 1980. On this occasion, the Post Office Museum presents tapestries and woodcuts by hartung and anna-eva bergman.Hartung is in 1981 the first painter to receive the kokoschka prize created by the Austrian government. In the same year, the stadistische kunsthalle düsseldorf. Then the staatsgalerie modernize kunst of munich.
Organize a major retrospective exhibition as well as the henie-onstad foundation in norway. Hartung was consecrated in 1982 to a permanent personal room at the statsgalerie moderner kunst in munich.
The regional council provence-alpes-côte d'azur inaugurates in 1983 at the museum of antibes. An exhibition of his photographs while the kupferstich-kabinett der staatlichen kunstsammlungen of dresde.
Exhibits the 61 lithographs and engravings he has offered. In 1984 is open to the hessisches Landesmuseurn of Darmstadt. A room devoted to his paintings, and hartung receives the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. In the last years of his life hartung painted with a paint gun, which allowed him to make more than 300 paintings in the year of his death, in 1989.Anna-eva bergman dies on July 24, 1987, hans hartung December 7, 1989 in antibes. According to his will his ashes are scattered in the Mediterranean.
"Art seems to me to be a means of overcoming death, in April-August 2006 (for hartung: untitled, 1947, t1948-38, 1949, from the foundation of antibes, t5232, 1952, for anna-eva bergman: n ° 5 1952, two black forms, 1952, de the foundation of antibes) catalog. T 1949 - 10, 1949, oil on canvas, 50 x 73 cm, auctioned 245 448 euros in October 2007.
"divide a line into two equal parts: you get boredom. "There is a single measure that preserves unity at all."Do not appear anything, what I like to do is act on the web. The item "hartung hans original lithograph signed 1976 abstract art lyric abstraction" is on sale since Sunday, January 22, 2017. It is in the category "art, antiques \ art of the twentieth, contemporary \ prints, etchings". The seller is "artdac" and is located in / in paris.
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